Monday, May 25, 2020
The International Academy The University of Essex one of the UKÃ¢â¬â¢s leading academic institutions and has international reputation for high quality research and teaching. It has three faculties that bring schools, departments, centres and institutes. Faculty of humanities has eight schools, centres and departments; one of them is International Academy. International academy offers courses at pre-undergraduate, undergraduate and pre-masters levels. It bring together all the teaching services and programmes which have been developed for students who have a range of non-standard qualification, often from overseas but also from Europe and the UK or have not met entry requirements for a particular degree. This paper will discuss theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It also offer English language and teacher education programmes. Their innovative courses are popular with both international and UK students because of supportive and international learning environment. Organisational structure and culture Each business has each own organisational culture and structure Culture can be described as Ã¢â¬Ëthe way we do things round hereÃ¢â¬â¢. In other words, it is attitudes and behaviours shown within the workplace. (Marcouse, 2008) According to Needle (2004), Ã¢â¬Å"Organisational culture represents the collective values, beliefs and practices of organizational members and is a product of such factors as history, product market, technology strategy, type of employees, management style, national cultures and so onÃ¢â¬ . The culture of the business has many aspects that they are fundamental to its success or failure. First are the business values. The challenge is to develop a set of values that employees can feel proud of. It should motivate them to work towards the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives. In obedience to University of Essex website, the success of university depends on all staff having the relevant skills, knowledge and experience to undertake their roles effectively. The main values of IA are communication, quality, respect, student centeredness, support and transparency (See appendix 1) IA staff keep language clear and simple without dumbing down the content, and keep tone friendly and accessible,
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Introduction This report discusses the situation faced by Adam Jacobs of Tower Foods Ltd. regarding the retention of their largest client, Flatrock Limited. Flatrock recently issued a request for proposal (RFP) with the unreasonable requirements of 100% success on performance audits, 100% of the time and complete operational transparency. The aim of this report is to resolve this issue in preparation for JacobsÃ¢â¬â¢s meeting with Albert Wong in two weeks. Analysis The desired culture of Flatrock is bottom-line oriented and to maintain this, bonuses are tied to employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ ability to produce more while lowering costs. Given the high-cost nature of the mining industry, this desired culture is appropriate. FlatrockÃ¢â¬â¢s functionalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Flatrocks bottom-line oriented culture creates the misperception that TowerÃ¢â¬â¢s margins are 30% when they are actually 16%. In accordance with Equity Theory, Flatrock feels under-rewarded and to re-establish equity, requests additional services. However, due to ambiguous wording in the contract, Flatrock believes they are entitled to these services which, following their removal, restores their perceived inequity. Martha BakesÃ¢â¬â¢s misinformation confirms this notion to Clyne and motivates him to increase TowerÃ¢â¬â¢s output to a level he perceives to be fair. Increasing transparency into TowerÃ¢â¬â¢s finances will resolve the misperception about their profitability and re-establish equity. ClyneÃ¢â¬â¢s perceived inequity is also a consequence of his leadership character, more specifically, his overdeveloped sense of drive, courage, and lack of temperance. Clyne is passionate about his job which leads to unwarr anted drive. Combined with his underdeveloped temperance, exhibited by his outburst during the meeting, this results in ClyneÃ¢â¬â¢s emotion-based decision making. ClyneÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of courage is also overdeveloped as seen in his determination to increase profit sharing. As a result, Clyne lacks judgment which augments his inability to appreciate TowerÃ¢â¬â¢s long-term benefits and widens the equity imbalance. ClyneÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership is also responsible for the issuance of the RPF for multiple suppliers. By hiring employees who share similar attitudes to his own, Clyne coachesShow MoreRelatedThe Leadership Qualities Of Present Prime Minister Of Australia1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesContent Page Executive summary 2 Introduction 3 Describe the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s background 3 Describe their approach to leadership 4 What are two key challenges they have faced as a leader ? 7 What have you learned about leadership from studying this particular leader 8 References 9 Executive Summary This report analyses the political career of the present Prime Minister of Australia, Malcolm Turnbull. The first part of the report looks in the background of the Prime Minister andRead MoreEthical Challenges Faced By Management Research998 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesINTRODUCTION Management research is an applied research of various business practices with the primary intention of gaining new knowledge and providing solutions to business problems. As human values, perceptions and norms have a substantial impact on research data and process; ethical challenges are present at every stage of the research; from initiation to the dissemination of the findings. (Kakabadse et al. 2002) Researchers are seekers of truth and are obligated to focus on the lucidity and rationalityRead MoreSears : Sears New Strategy941 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction The article, Ã¢â¬Å"Sears to Accelerate Closings, Shutter 235 Stores,Ã¢â¬ by Krystina Gustafason discusses Sears recent decision to close several stores across North America in an attempt to revitalize the name and eventually turn a profit in the near future. This change came after Sears dwindling pattern in sales and the losses the company has continuously faced over the years. In addition to closing stores, some of Sears old locations are intended to be leased to various other companies currentlyRead MoreQuestions On Skills And Skills922 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSkills Approach Introduction The area of leadership skills and abilities has been studied by many researchers. One of the models was put forward by Katz in which he determined three various levels of skills that leaders in organizations must have. These skills included technical skills, human skills and conceptual skills (Northouse, 2015). The researcher stated that these skills tend to differ from qualities or traits of leaders as skills describe what leaders can attain while traits describe whoRead MoreCode Of Conduct For A Behavioral Health Center1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand mental health services by well trained, qualified and licensed professionals. Clear Mind has been in operation since 1988. We serve over 20,000 children, adolescents, adults, seniors and their families annually. Ethical issues are prevalent in this field of medicine. Our company has ensured that everyone that is employed with Clear Mind has a thorough understanding of our expectations. Organizational Structure According to Halm (2011), Ã¢â¬Å"Organizations do not function in a vacuum. They respondRead MoreThe Importance Of Counselling For Effective Work1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesunaware of their wrong doings. A lot of times, employees arenÃ¢â¬â¢t productive enough because of the personal issues faced by them. For any organization to work at its best, its employees need to efficient in the job performance. In a situation, where employees fail to be productive as a result of personal issues, counselling for effective discipline is a good tool to improve their performance. In this paper, the notion of counselling for effective work performance as a way of better service delivery was examinedRead MoreThe Importance Of A Public Safety Agency1271 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Most emergency services organizations are subordinate to an itinerant government structure, which often means that new ideas and policies are continually presented. This constant call for change can present many challenges to the organization. Other challenges whether the change in leadership is temporary or permanent becomes placing trust in leadership. Although there are many challenges to a public safety agency that can present change; change can be extremely smooth when it is presentedRead MoreThe Impact of Disease on Native American Culture1086 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWorld diseases being introduced to the New World, North America. While it has been somewhat difficult for scholars to determine the exact count of Indians who died from disease, they have fairly accurate estimates. During my internet research on this subject I came across two separate tables of information and was again shocked at what I discovered. ~In 1540 the Ã¢â¬Å"European EpidemicÃ¢â¬ was brought to the Southeastern United States by the Desoto Expedition and killed 75% of the native populationRead MoreGlobal Financial Development Report By The World Bank Essay2058 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThis is the second Global Financial Development Report published by the World Bank. It seeks to contribute to enhancing the knowledge of financial inclusion around the world. In the recent times, financial inclusion has become an important aspect for economic and social development of an economy and has become a significant topic of discussion for the policy makers, market practitioners etc. Financial inclusion has been given a lot importance in our country and this can be proven by the recentlyRead MoreSafety Aesthetic Effects, Contingent Liability And Health Issues1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGroup Project Introduction: This report is based upon the current and potential problems observed during the visit of the city zone apartments at Liverpool Street, Auckland CBD. The observations done by the team to conduct the evaluation of the problem related to facility management. Our report discusses that organisation needs to properly facilitate the operations of the building. This report includes occupational safety aesthetic effects, Contingent liability and health issues. The major problems
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The United States was and still is one of the best nations in the world. People come here from all over to achieve the American dream. With this being said, our nation should be ahead of every other nation when it comes to something like the oppression of women in politics. Back in the day, the United States Ã¢â¬ had the lowest percentage of women in the National legislature, (Werner 17).Ã¢â¬ This relates to my research. In many aspects of life, women are represented less and their voices are not heard as much compared to males. The main aspect I focus on are women participating in Congress and in voting. My original research question was whether womenÃ¢â¬â¢s voting and political power in Congress, at the local, state, and national level, has increased in the last century. This question is broad in order to cover a lot of research over a long period of time. I will be using academic research to support of hypothesis that Ã¢â¬Å"Over the past century, men have been represented more than women in the voting booth and when participating in Congress. Gender may play a huge role in this issue but there are other variables to take into account, such as education, when looking for why the gender gap exists.Ã¢â¬ In order to receive the best results, I chose articles ranging from 1914- 2014. I also chose an article that compares the gender gap in United States with another country, India. I expect to find multiple reasons for the gender gap between women and men in congress and in the voting polls.Show MoreRelatedWomenÃ¢â¬Å¡ÃâÃ ´s Suffrage Movement of Europe1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThroughout history, women have struggled for equality in all parts of the world. European women fought for suffrage for an extremely long period of time before they were granted full voting rights. Each country approved womenÃ¢â¬â¢s suffrage at different ti mes, but it occurred in most European countries in the early 20th century. The first country to develop universal suffrage was Finland in the year 1906(Ã¢â¬Å"WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Suffrage in EuropeÃ¢â¬ ). One of the last countries to become open about womenÃ¢â¬â¢s voting rights was SwitzerlandRead MoreThe WomenÃ¢â¬â¢S Rights Convention Took Place In Seneca Falls,1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStates, and with almost 200 women in attendance. This convention was organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Kelly Stanton, who were both abolitionists that met at the 1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention in London. In 1848 at Elizabeth StantonÃ¢â¬â¢s home near Seneca Falls, the two women, Mott and Stanton, were working with Martha Wright, Mary Ann McClintock and Jane Hunt, to send out a call for a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s conference to be held at Seneca Falls. On July 19, 1848, 200 women gathered at the Wesleyan ChapelRead MoreEssay about Gerrymandering886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGerrymandering When I thought of the topic Gerrymandering, I thought perhaps it would be too far-fetched when it came to the Rubric designed in a women studies class. But, on further review of the subject matter I realized how important this practice is to study, and how it can be used for both good and evil concepts in the political scheme of things. Gerrymandering is a form of boundary redistricting, in which the boundaries of an electoral district or constituency are modified for electoralRead MoreEssay about Frq Analysis1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRuhani Malik Period 4 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s HW FRQ Questions Due by April 26-27, 2012 Be sure to provide a strong and specific thesis statement with a nice introduction to your essay. Also be sure to provide names, dates, book titles, court cases, statistics and any and all other relevant facts you can think of to support your answer. Staple this sheet to the front of your essay and be sure to follow the formatting rules discussed for previous FRQÃ¢â¬â¢s. 1. With respect to THREE of the following,Read MoreThe Nature and Functions of Political Parties and Voting Behaviour in Britain939 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Nature and Functions of Political Parties and Voting Behaviour in Britain The two major parties in the British political system, the Labour party and the Conservative party, often mention the same issues of importance but have different policies on how these issues should be handled. Both parties state in their manifestoes that Education is an important issue - Labour sighting it a major priority, aiming to cut class sizes for 5-7 year olds to under 30 and to modernise Read MoreEssay about Predicting Voting Behavior1075 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPredicting Voting Behavior Voting behaviour is increasingly hard to predict because of the variables that ultimately affect it, these being class, gender, age, ethnicity and regional locality. It is the job of a political scientist to weigh up these factors along with public opinion on major and current issues such as the Health Service, Crime etc. In addition to these they will look at past elections and their statistics to determine the possible result of an imminentRead MoreWomen s Suffrage During The Nineteenth Century975 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespassed, women were encouraged by the suffrage organizations to take part in their nationÃ¢â¬â¢s politics. Many women were elected to political offices in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. In this time frame seven women had been elected into the House of Representatives. However, no women were elected for positions in the Senate. Although seven women may not seem like a lot that was only on the national level and was a big victory for the suffrage organizations. The greatest success came at the state level politics for women asRead MoreWhy Do Voters Vote The Way They Do?1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageselections. Voting behaviour is explained using the concepts of expressive voting and strategic voting. A rational voter would act more strategically, that is, the voter would vote to produce an election outcome which is as close as possible to his or her own policy preferences, r ather than voting on the basis of party attachment, ideology, or social group membership (expressive voting). Strategic voting has become more important than voting on the basis of political cleavages (expressive voting), so votersRead MoreThe 19th Amendment: Equal Rights to Vote1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesturning point for many women in America. It gave women freedom that they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have before. Before this amendment was passed many women had no self portrayal, something they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t reach with a male figure ruling next to them. That was until 1920 when the 19th amendment was passed. The amendment let women into power giving them social justice and many political rights. Before 1920 women did not have the right to vote. They were known as Ã¢â¬Å"second class citizensÃ¢â¬ . Women were to stay home to helpRead MoreDiscrimination And The War At Appomattox Court House1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnot, discrimination is a problem that has been occurring for thousands of years and is one that will continue to occur for years to come. American history has seen its share of discrimination, perhaps none more evident than the mid-19th century. Political tensions between northern and southern states concerning statesÃ¢â¬â¢ rights and slavery sent the country into turmoil. The bloodiest battle in American history soon began and the country would never be the same again. However, after the conclusion of
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Hazard Management Plan for Sidney Community Hospital. Answer: Introduction Sidney Community Hospital is one of the established healthcare facilities in the country. Since its establishment, the facility has been playing a pivotal role in the delivery of healthcare services to the public. Initially, the hospital was specialized in the provision of essential healthcare services like Primary Health Care, pediatric, and cardiovascular care. However, as time went by, the hospital managed to expand its services. Today, it deals in other specialized care including cancer services, obstetric, renal, surgical, trauma, and general acute medical services. As an established organization, Sidney Community Hospital is a great employer. It has been employing a large number of people who are directly and indirectly involved in the provision of healthcare services to its clientele. These include the physicians, nurses, pharmacists, informatics, surgeons, midwives, pediatricians, administrators, mangers, and support services staff. The hospital has some hazards which have be en causing problems to the employees and other stakeholders within the workplace. Smoking as an Occupational Health and Safety Issue at the Hospital The management of Sidney Community Hospital has been commended to be responsible in the execution of its responsibilities. The hospital has been having a strong and well-organized Human Resources Department which has been playing a significant role in the management of the organizations human resources. The professional manner in which the employees have been handled has made the hospital to motivate the workers to continue serving the organization. As an employer, Sidney Hospital has been doing everything within its capacity to enhance the quality of its services (Pierson, 2012). Nevertheless, despite this, the hospital has not managed to completely eradicate certain hazards which are associated with the workplace. One of the areas which the management has totally failed to eradicate is the practice of smoking. A recent survey conducted at the hospital revealed that the hospital has a large number of employees and clients who are engaged in smoking. This has made smoking to be a maj or challenge in the hospital. The smokers have developed a tendency of engaging in practice while in the hospital despite knowing that it is a harmful activity that should not be done in public places such as healthcare facilities. In fact, two out of ten employees are engaging in smoking while at the workplace. This means that smoking has become a major issue of concern because it affects nearly all the employees and clients to which it is exposed. Smoking is one of the risky behaviors which should be avoided because it causes lots of problems to the people (Chen Wang, 2014). The practice of smoking at the hospital should therefore be considered as an environmental hazard which affects the males, females, adults, children, and the elderly persons to whom it is exposed. Research has proven that smoking can affect nearly all the body organs. Smoking is a hazard that has been making it challenging to work at the hospital. To smokers, smoking is a prestigious activity that should not be stopped once it is started. It is an addictive behavior which becomes difficult to stop. However, although it has been associated with pleasure and other perceived benefits, smoking is a very dangerous practice that should be avoided at all costs. When people engage in smoking in the workplace, they not only affect themselves. Instead, they extend the harmful effects of other people who get it through second-hand smoking. The nicotine substance in the cigarettes can cause a wide range of diseases such as asthma, stomach cancer, cancer of the throat, cancer of the larynx, cancer of the mouth, lung cancer, and cancer of the pancreas, breast cancer, chronic bronchitis, low birth weight, emphysema, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, blindness, gum infections, and stroke. The risks can be accessed through survey. Surveys are conducted by interviewing the employees, management and clients. Current Hazard Management Strategies for Sidney Community Hospital Although smoking is still practiced in the hospital, the management of Sidney Community Hospital has been concerned about. The management has been considering smoking as an occupational and health safety issue that should not be ignored. However, it has not been considered as a priority area in comparison to other safety hazards like chemical, biological, and physical hazards which cause severe injuries, and fatalities in the workplace. The recognition given to smoking has made the management to come up with certain measures to manage it and possibly prevent it from being practiced because it interferes with the environment in which the employees and clients operate. The first strategy that has been applied in the management of smoking in the workplace is the development of organizational internal policies which mainly address the protection of the environment. In its clean environment policy, the management has clearly outlined that smoking is a hazardous activity that has a potential of causing diseases, and even death to the smokers and non-smokers as well. The employees and clients are therefore supposed to observe certain regulations when they want to smoke. The most important thing to do is to consider smoking as a harmful activity that should not be done in the public. Hospital is a public facility that is used by many people (Butler Wilson, 2015). Therefore, the management has been appealing to the smokers not to smoke in the hospital because it can cause the problem to all the hospital users especially the highly-susceptible non-smokers who can be affected from the practice due to second-hand smoking. Apart from applying its internal policies in the management of smoking hazards, the management of Sidney Community Hospital has been trying to enforce the smoking legislations and occupational safety and health regulations governing the use of cigarettes in the workplace. Over the years, the commonwealth government of Australia and territory governments has been enacting legislations which govern the use of cigarettes in the workplace and other public spaces (Frederickson Ghere, 2013). Such laws have been imposing certain bans which have been lauded for regulating smoking and making the environment to be a safe place for human beings especially the innocent non-smokers who should not be exposed to smoking-related hazards. The application of these legislations has also helped the organization to regulate the use of cigarettes in the workplace (Huarng Ribeiro-Soriano, 2014). They have made smokers to refrain from the activity because it is harmful and can hazardous in the workplace. A healthcare facility should have an environment which is conducive for all the users because it can facilitate the recovery process (McFarlin Sweeney, 2014). This notwithstanding, the management of Sidney Community Hospital has been engaging in the training of its employees and clients. The department of Public Relations has been collaborating with the HRM to design a training program for all the stakeholders especially the employees who are engaging or planning to engage in smoking activities while at the workplace. The training has been revolving around important areas like the causes, addiction, dangers, and quitting strategies for smoking (McClellan, et al., 2014). The training program has been effective in the management of smoking activities because it creates awareness to the employees on what to do while at the workplace. Information is a very powerful tool that should be applied in the workplace (Dubey Singhal, 2016). When people are knowledgeable, they can make informed decisions which are aimed at making positive changes in the organization. It is for this reason why the manageme3nt has been insisting on periodical training pr ograms (Zwietering, Ross Gorris, 2014). It is the best strategy to elicit the required behavior change in the employees. Hazard Management Plan for Sidney Community Hospital Smoking still remains a major issue of concern in the workplace because the management strategies so far applied in the organization have not been effective in addressing it. The strategies should be changed and improved so as to make them effective and efficient in providing an ultimate solution to the persistent problem of smoking at the workplace. Smoking is a hazard that should be ultimately eradicated from the workplace because its continuity will further cause a negative impact on the hospital (Hill, Jones Schilling, 2014). The management should show a lot of concern because smoking is a hazard which should be treated as a priority area in the workplace (Purce, 2014). Anything which contaminates the environment should not be entertained because it is the environment which is relied upon to facilitate the recovery process for the patients. It is therefore recommended that the management should take the following measures: To begin with, the management of Sidney Community Hospital should institute an Occupational Safety Health Department to exclusively deal with occupational safety and health-related matters in the workplace (De Young, et al., 2014). The analysis conducted shows that workplace safety issues have been manned by the HR and Public Relations departments. However, this is not effective because these departments do not have well-trained professionals to properly manage workplace hazards. The suggestion should therefore be considered for adoption because it can help in addressing all the hazards which are experienced in the workplace (Killen, Jugdev, Drouin Petit, 2012). Through this department, the management can manage to get the required manpower which can be relied upon to address all the smoking-related hazards which have been troubling the organization (Ward Peppard, 2016). Occupational safety experts can conduct research to find out the best strategies that can be applied to help in the management of the hazardous practice. The success in the eradication of smoking hazards is only dependent on the seriousness of the management. If the management is concerned about it, the practice will be ultimately eradicated because the employees who practice it will have to be encouraged and empowered to stop it (Baden Higgs, 2015). In addition, the management of Sidney Community Hospital can fully-eradicate the practice of smoking by improving on its training and educational programs. The fact that the practice is still going on implies that the strategies applied have not been effective. The training programs which have been in use have not been properly done (Tweedie Holley, 2016). Therefore, it should be upon the management to redesign its training strategies by making different changes. For example, the content of the training programs should be changed to include the dangers of smoking and second-hand smoking in the workplace (Dubey Singhal, 2016). At the same time, employees should be encouraged to retrain from smoking no matter how they are because it has no benefit at all. if this is properly done, smoking will be eradicated because the employees will be convinced to stop the practice because it negatively impact on them, their colleagues, patients, carers, and the organization at large. However, for training to be successful, it should be provided during orientation and periodically (Kim, Lee, Chun Benbasat, 2014). Sometimes, the management should seek for the services of consultants and external resource persons to train its workforce on smoking and its related hazards. Finally, the management of Sidney Community Hospital should consider changing its internal policies to make them effective in addressing the problem of smoking in the workplace (Shih, Young Bucher, 2013). As it is today, the organization has got certain policies which are not effective in addressing the hazard. The policies formulated have been seeking to address the issue of smoking in the workplace. The rules do not prohibit, but merely discourages the practice. Meaning, employees can engage in smoking in the workplace as long as it is done by following certain procedures such as doing it in the designated smoking zones within the hospital. These regulations have not been effectively enforced because there is no monitoring at all. The people who violate these regulations are not punished therefore encouraging them to continue floating the rules. Therefore, to deal with the menace, the management should change its policies and introduce new rules to govern the smoking in the workpl ace (Chhokar, Brodbeck House, 2013). Once the rules are introduced, they should be stringently enforced by closely monitoring the smokers, and severely punishing the violators. The outcome of this plan is that there will be a reduction in the hazard in the workplace (Nummer, et al., 2015). No employee or client will suffer from the hazard anymore because there will be a change in behavior. Conclusion Occupational safety and health issues should always be taken seriously in every workplace. The management should be at the fore front of creating a safe environment for all the stakeholders because it is necessary for the delivery of satisfactory services. Smoking has been fronted as one of the major issues of concern in many organizations such as Sidney Community Hospital. The practice of smoking should be considered as a hazard which can cause a wide range of illnesses both to the smokers and non-smokers who get affected through second-hand smoking. However, it is an unnecessary habit which can be ultimately addressed if appropriate measures are taken. Despite coming up with noble anti-smoking policies, the organization has not managed to completely eradicate the smoking hazard from its premises. A large number of employees and clients are still engaging in smoking within the hospital. To ultimately address the hazard, the management should re-energize its occupational safety and h ealth measures by redesigning its policies to make them more effective than they currently are. This will instill order in the workplace and make the hospital to be a smoking-free organization which is safe for everyone including the employees, patients, and the general public. References Baden, D., Higgs, M. (2015). Challenging the perceived wisdom of management theories and practice. Academy of Management Learning Education, 14(4), 539-555. Butler, R., Wilson, D. C. (2015). Managing voluntary and non-profit organizations: Strategy and structure. London: Routledge. Chen, R. Wang, H.M. (2014). Research on organization structure and operation efficiency of extreme floods emergency management under bureaucracy-cooperation system: Taking Huaihe River Basin as a case. In 2014 International Conference on Management Science Engineering 21th Annual Conference Proceedings (pp. 2095-2101). IEEE. Chhokar, J. S., Brodbeck, F. C., House, R. J. (Eds.). (2013). Culture and leadership across the world: The GLOBE book of in-depth studies of 25 societies. New York: Routledge. De Young, A. C., et al., (2014). Prospective evaluation of parent distress following pediatric burns and identification of risk factors for young child and parent posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 24(1), 9-17. Dubey, A., Singhal, A. K. (2016). Role of organisational structure in empolyee's empowerment. International Journal of Education and Management Studies, 6(1), 110. Frederickson, H.G. Ghere, R.K. (2013). Ethics in public management, ME Sharpe: New York. Hill, C. W., Jones, G. R., Schilling, M. A. (2014). Strategic management: theory: an integrated approach. Cengage Learning. Huarng, K. H., Ribeiro-Soriano, D. E. (2014). Developmental management: Theories, methods, and applications in entrepreneurship, innovation, and sensemaking. Journal of Business Research, 67(5), 657-662. Killen, C.P., Jugdev, K., Drouin, N., Petit, Y. (2012). Advancing project and portfolio management research: Applying strategic management theories. International Journal of Project Management, 30(5), 525-538. Kim, T.H., Lee, J.N., Chun, J.U. Benbasat, I. (2014). Understanding the effect of knowledge management strategies on knowledge management performance: A contingency perspective. Information management, 51(4), pp.398-416. McFarlin, D., Sweeney, P.D. (2014). International Management: Strategic Opportunities Cultural Challenges. Routledge. McClellan, M., et al. (2014). Accountable care around the world: a framework to guide reform strategies. Health Affairs, 33(9), pp.1507-1515. Nummer, B., et al., (2015). Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP). In Regulatory Foundations for the Food Protection Professional. Springer: New York. Pierson, M.D., (2012). HACCP: principles and applications. Springer Science Business Media: New York. Purce, J. (2014). The impact of corporate strategy on human resource management. New Perspectives on Human Resource Management (Routledge Revivals), 67. Shih, M., Young, M.J. Bucher, A. (2013) Working to reduce the effects of discrimination: Identity management strategies in organizations. American Psychologist, 68(3), p.145. Tweedie, D. Holley, S. (2016). The subversive craft worker: Challenging disutility theories of management control. Human Relations, p.0018726716628971. Ward, J., Peppard, J. (2016). The Strategic Management of Information Systems: Building a Digital Strategy. New York: John Wiley Sons. Zwietering, M.H., Ross, T. Gorris, L.G.M., (2014). Food safety assurance systems: Microbiological testing, sampling plans, and microbiological criteria. In Encyclopedia of Food Safety, Volume 4: Food Safety Management (pp. 244-253). Academic Press.
Thursday, April 9, 2020
8 Quick Tips for Writing Under Pressure You have 25 minutes to compose an SAT essay, two hours to write a final exam paper, less than half a day to finish a project proposal for your boss. Heres a little secret: both in college and beyond, most writing is done under pressure. Composition theorist Linda Flower reminds us that some degree of pressure can be a good source of motivation. But when worry or the desire to perform well is too great, it creates an additional task of coping with anxiety (Problem-Solving Strategies for Writing, 2003). So learn to cope. Its remarkable how much writing you can produce when youre up against a strict deadline. To avoid feeling overwhelmed by a writing task, consider adopting these eight (admittedly not-so-simple) strategies. Slow down.Ã Resist the urge to jump into a writing project before youve thought about your topic and your purpose for writing. If youre taking an exam, read the instructions carefully and skim all the questions. If youre writing a report for work, think about who will be reading the report and what they expect to get out of it.Define your task.Ã If youre responding to an essay prompt or a question on an exam, make sure youre actually answering the question. (In other words, dont dramatically alter a topic to suit your interests.) If youre writing a report, identify your primary purpose in as few words as possible, and make sure you dont stray far from that purpose.Divide your task.Ã Break down your writing task into a series of manageable smaller steps (a process called chunking), and then focus on each step in turn. The prospect of completing an entire project (whether its a dissertation or a progress report) may be overwhelming. But you should always be able to come up with a few sentences or paragraphs without panicking. Budget and monitor your time.Ã Calculate how much time is available to complete each step, setting aside a few minutes for editing at the end. Then stick to your timetable. If you hit a trouble spot, skip ahead to the next step. (When you come back to a trouble spot later on, you may find out you can eliminate that step altogether.)Relax.Ã If you tend to freeze up under pressure, try a relaxation technique such as deep breathing, freewriting, or an imagery exercise. But unless youve had your deadline extended by a day or two, resist the temptation to take a nap. (In fact, research shows that using a relaxation technique can be even more refreshing than sleep.)Get it down.Ã As humorist James Thurber once advised, Dont get it right, just get it written. Concern yourself with getting the words down, even though you know you could do better if you had more time. (Fussing over every word can actually heighten your anxiety, distract you from your purpose, and get in the way of a larg er goal: completing the project on time.) Review.Ã In the final minutes, quickly review your work to make sure that all your key ideas are on the page, not just in your head. Dont hesitate to make last-minute additions or deletions.Edit.Ã Novelist Joyce Cary had a habit of omitting vowels when writing under pressure. In your remaining seconds, restore the vowels (or whatever you tend to leave out when writing quickly). In most cases its a myth that making last-minute corrections does more harm than good. Finally, the best way to learn how to write under pressure is . . . to write under pressureover and over again. So stay calm and keep practicing.
Monday, March 9, 2020
How to avoid the biggest mistake in business writing How to avoid the biggest mistake in business writing Mention writing skills to most people and they will roll their eyes before launching into a confession about how spelling/grammar/punctuation/all three have always been their weakest link. Yet, when they do, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re missing the point. These things matter, for sure. An email full of typos or a poorly punctuated proposal will almost certainly undermine your credibility and potentially leave the people who read it confused. But there are other mistakes that can do far more harm. Chief among these is failing to focus on what your reader needs and wants. Where it all goes wrong The trouble is that too many documents and messages focus on the needs of the writer rather than the reader. This is a big mistake, although it is understandable. After all, when were writing, our primary focus is to get the job done. Think about it for a few seconds. Imagine itÃ¢â¬â¢s Monday morning and youÃ¢â¬â¢re faced with a to-do list as long as the Great Wall of China. Right at the top is a board report that youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been putting off for the last three weeks and itÃ¢â¬â¢s due in by 5pm today. Is your primary focus to (a) carefully consider the members of the board and their individual priorities or (b) get the damn thing written so you can cross it off your list and relax again? Congratulations if you picked (a). Treat yourself to a cup of tea or latte from that artisan coffee shop around the corner. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re on your way to being a business-writing superstar and donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to read any further. Probably. (Maybe read on just in case.) If you picked answer (b), congratulations too Ã¢â¬â for your honesty and for being a normal human being. You vs. the deadline This is because focusing on your own priorities first is a perfectly normal survival mechanism, developed through millions of years of evolution. Our Stone Age brains find it hard to differentiate between a looming deadline and a predator outside the cave that wants to eat us for lunch. Our first instinct is therefore to run away from it (which is why you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t write the report three weeks ago). And, when you can no longer run away from it (remember, youve now only got until 5pm, and youÃ¢â¬â¢re in a cave), your natural priority will always be just to get rid of the threat. So you muster all your courage and run directly at it, focused solely on your needs (avoiding the disapproval of the boss Ã¢â¬â although admittedly thats still marginally preferable to a grisly, violent death). Unfortunately, this rarely produces the best results, at least where deadlines are concerned. (If thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a real predator outside the cave, youÃ¢â¬â¢d best go deal with that and come back to this blog post later.) Maybe you finally fire up a board-report template and fill in the blanks under the standard headings. Success soon becomes a word count that rises in fits and starts. And youÃ¢â¬â¢re done when youÃ¢â¬â¢ve filled enough pages, changed the date on the default title and emailed it to the chief executiveÃ¢â¬â¢s EA. It wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be your best work. But donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry: it also wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be in any danger of changing the status quo or standing out from the other 17 board reports that were written in similar circumstances. It will just be another one on the pile. When business writing goes bad Board members are used to struggling through sub-optimal documents that look just like all the rest. Yours will be no different. Unfortunately, itÃ¢â¬â¢s also unlikely to mark you out as someone whoÃ¢â¬â¢s above average and therefore wont advance your career either. To produce something that will do both these things, you need to step into the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes. Yet most people donÃ¢â¬â¢t, because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re naturally focused on their own priorities (which is why all those reports look the same). In fact, failure to step into the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes is not just normal but usually the chief culprit when business writing goes bad. Nor are we just talking about board reports here. It also produces customer letters or emails that alienate the customer. And itÃ¢â¬â¢s why so many live chat helpdesk responses end up being no help at all. Remember that instant-chat conversation with your home broadband provider that took 20 minutes to tell you what you stated in your original question? The person who did so was probably distracted by answer targets and a big, red LED display in the centre of the office showing how many customers they still needed to respond to. This failure to connect with the readers perspective is also why so many proposals to win new business start with page upon page about how great the supplier is. Believe me, the client will only care about this if she thinks you can solve her problem. So focus on her problem first, then on your solution. (Do those things well and shell reach her own conclusion about your suitability. Then its just a case of confirming that view and reassuring her by describing your experience and perhaps giving a few client testimonials.) It can also lead us to give the wrong impression in even the simplest communications. For example, a notice from a store about opening hours that just says, Ã¢â¬ËWe are closed on WednesdaysÃ¢â¬â¢ is stressing the negative and essentially telling customers what the store canÃ¢â¬â¢t do for them (ie serve them on a Wednesday). ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also missing an opportunity to say that theyÃ¢â¬â¢re open six days a week Ã¢â¬â including at weekends. Beat your brains default wiring But, as I say, itÃ¢â¬â¢s still what most of us do, because itÃ¢â¬â¢s how weÃ¢â¬â¢re wired. And, given this natural bias towards ourselves, it can take an almost superhuman level of willpower to switch your focus to the person youÃ¢â¬â¢re writing for or to. So what can you do? One of the best ways I know is to start by writing down what you already know about your intended reader, including what they need and want most from the exchange, as well as what they know already. In a short communication (such as an email or helpdesk response), this may well be enough to shift your mindset from its default setting. Longer documents need a bit more effort. This is partly because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re more complex and therefore contain far more traps that can lure you back to the writer-centred mindset. And partly itÃ¢â¬â¢s because we tend to put off writing them, so weÃ¢â¬â¢re more likely to be under a lot of pressure to finish by the time we do. (In other words, weÃ¢â¬â¢re focused again on our needs rather than the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s.) The five-step solution So you need to do something to snap yourself out of this mindset. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s how: 1. First, download our reader-profile questionnaire here (PDF) and print it out. 2. Then complete it (with a pen, not just in your head). This will start the process of reorientation. 3. From there, plan your document, using your preferred method. (I like mind maps, as they help me to see connections that might not otherwise be obvious.) But Ã¢â¬â and this is critical Ã¢â¬â continually refer back to your completed questionnaire so that you avoid defaulting to your needs. As you plan, put a question mark alongside anything you still need to check or find out. 4. Find the answers to any of the questions in 3. This is also crucial, as you need to do most of your thinking and address any uncertainties before you start writing. 5. Then, and only then, write your document. (IÃ¢â¬â¢ve explained how to do this quickly here.) Note that steps 1Ã¢â¬â4 should take most of the pain out of 5. So donÃ¢â¬â¢t think of them as wasting time. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ll actually save you time in the long run. You should now have a document that is much more focused on the person youÃ¢â¬â¢re writing for and their needs, rather than on you and yours. That person may even thank you for it. But even if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t, you can take comfort from the knowledge that your document now stands a very good chance of being better than the others theyÃ¢â¬â¢re reading, which can only be a good thing. Now youve definitely earned that latte. Just make sure you still check your document for typos and spelling mistakes. Image credit: Mircea Costina / Shutterstock
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Economies, Markets and Strategic Decisions - Coursework Example In fact, China has shown a uniform demand for 40% of the global oil- demand since last four years. Oil demand in India has increased by 75% within last 15years of time. Considering the supply side, a number of oil-producing countries such as Iraq and Venezuela have gone through turmoil that has affected their capability to produce and supply oils at their full capacity. In recent times, OPEC (The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) which is an association of 13 countries mainly from Middle East has evolved as the single largest entity for supplying oil throughout the world. In fact, the consortium holds the power of increasing or reducing the oil price through altering the oil supply (Perry, 2013). Global oil inventories play an important role in balancing the global supply and demand for oil. If the quantity produced exceeds demand, the excess supplies are stored for future use and when the consumption surpasses the demand for oil, that inventories are used to satisfy the amounting demand. Though the OPEC countries are responsible for only 40% of the oil supply where 60% of the supplies are controlled by non-OPEC countries, the Non-OPEC suppliers are incapable to influence market price of oil due to insufficient reserves holding by them. Ability of OPEC to maintain the largest oil inventories in the world aids the consortium price of oil through adjusting the supply of oil, especially when the supply of oil by non-OPEC provinces declines further (U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2015). The demand and supply of oil directly impacts the oil prices. If the demand for oil increases due to shortage in supply, the price of oil shots up. In contrast, if there is excess supply due to lack of demand, the oil price is likely to go down. However, the demand and supply of oil is instigated by multiple factors which in turn strive to modify the level of oil price. In the